BAIDOA (AP) â€” Hundreds of Ethiopian troops moved into a second Somali town on Saturday to protect the country’s weak, UN-backed government, as talks aimed at easing tensions fell apart when the government did not turn up and Islamist delegates walked out.
About 200 Ethiopian troops with at least five pickup trucks mounted withÂ machineguns and other vehicles moved into Wajid â€” a UN aid base â€” about 75 kilometres southeast of the Somali-Ethiopian border, at about 3:00am (0000GMT), several witnesses said on condition of anonymity because they feared reprisals. The soldiers took control of the town’s airport from a group serving the local administration, they said. Later Saturday, two military helicopters landed at Wajid’s airport, said Zakariye Mad Keyr, a resident. He said that the helicopters remained in the town after sunset but no one knew what they carried or what they were doing in the town. No armed group in Somalia possesses a helicopter.
Arab League talks in Sudan, scheduled to resume Saturday, were aimed at easing the situation in Somalia, where the Islamist fighters captured the capital, Mogadishu, from secular warlords and then consolidated their control over most of southern Somalia. Both sides signed a temporary ceasefire agreement June 22, and the Islamists formally recognised the government, something they had previously said they would not do.
The talks fell apart Saturday when the Islamists walked out because of the Ethiopian incursion, and the government side said it would not attend until it received international guarantees that any agreement would be respected. â€œThe reason why we are walking out of the conference is that the Somali government has violated the accord and allowed Ethiopian troops to enter Somali soil,â€ said Abdirahman Janaqaw, the deputy leader of the Islamic courts’ executive council. Ethiopian and Somali government officials have denied Ethiopian troops are in the country.
â€œThere is not a single Ethiopian solider on Somali soil.
I deny that the Ethiopians have taken control of Wajid. Our troops control there,â€ Deputy Information Minister Salad Ali Jeeley told the Associated Press in Baidoa, where the fragile transitional government is based.
In the town of Wajid, the base for southern Somalia operations for UN agencies and other aid organizations, residents said the Ethiopian troops did not meet any resistance when they took over the airport.
Aid workers and UN staff in the town also said there were Ethiopian soldiers in Wajid. They, too, asked not to be identified by name because of the sensitivity of the issue.
Wajid, which has experienced relative peace compared with other southern Somalia towns, such as Baidoa, is run by a clan-based administration that has not allied itself with the transitional government or with the Islamists.
Ethiopian troops first moved into Somalia on Thursday to protect the government, which has been challenged for power by Islamic fighters. A force of more than 400 Ethiopian troops entered Baidoa, 240 kilometres northwest of Mogadishu.
The group deployed some of its fighters to within striking distance of Baidoa on Wednesday. But they pulled back as the Ethiopian troops moved in.
On Saturday, the Islamic leader said that his group will consult with other representatives of Somalis to determine a response to the Ethiopian presence in Somalia.
â€œThe presence of Ethiopian troops in Somalia is naked aggression. We know that Ethiopia wants to divide to Somalia and does not want to reconcile Somali people,â€ Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys told the Associated Press.
â€œMembers of Islamic Courts and representative of Somali people will decide the appropriate steps to take towards the presence of Ethiopian troops in Somalia.â€ Residents of Baidoa reported seeing hundreds of Ethiopian troops, in uniform and in marked armoured vehicles, entering Baidoa on Thursday and taking up positions around Yusuf’s compound.
Somali government leaders may be reluctant to acknowledge that Ethiopian troops have come to their aid because they do not want to appear to be beholden to the country’s traditional adversary. Anti-Ethiopian sentiment still runs high in much of this almost entirely Muslim country.