Syria may be flexible on key Israeli demand — UN

Syria has signalled to the UN’s Middle East envoy a willingness to change its relationship with Iran, Hizbollah and Hamas if progress were made towards a peace deal with Israel.UN special envoy Michael Williams told Reuters in an interview on Thursday that he has conveyed to top Israeli officials his “impressions” from talks with Syrian leaders in recent months.

Israel has offered direct talks on returning the Golan Heights, captured 40 years ago, if Syrian President Bashar Assad would in return cut his ties to Iran and Palestinian and Lebanese Islamist groups hostile to the Jewish state.

But Williams acknowledged deep-rooted suspicions on both sides would make reviving the peace process difficult.

Williams said Syrian officials had made clear to him during his recent visits to Damascus that they believed negotiations that collapsed in 2000 had largely set the parameters for a deal.

“The Syrian side has basically said, ‘Look the work is done.

It’s here in the drawer. The big issues like water, security, access were all looked at then, were pretty much thrashed out.

So if negotiations were resumed, then maybe we could make real progress,'” Williams said.

A Syrian foreign ministry official recently said Israel and Syria had solved some 85 per  cent of the problem in past negotiations.

But US President George W. Bush has shown little enthusiasm for an Israeli-Syrian peace track, casting doubt on the chances of progress.

Williams said he believed that Syria’s assessment that a deal was “in the drawer” was “somewhat exaggerated”.

“It is difficult. There’s an awkwardness on both sides which stems from the history of their relationship over 60 years. It’s very difficult to remove the suspicions and antipathies that have resulted from that,” Williams said.

Negotiations between Syria and Israel collapsed in 2000 without resolving the fate of the Golan, a plateau occupied by Israel in 1967 during the Six Day War and annexed in 1981 in a move not recognised internationally.

Williams said he briefed Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert last month on his talks in Damascus.

Williams said he believed Israel was genuinely interested in “testing the waters” for a resumption of talks, and that he was using his role as a go-between to try to “clarify for each what I perceived to be the other’s view”.

“I think both sides find it quiet difficult in making an assessment of each other,” Williams said.

Olmert has said he is willing to hold direct talks with Damascus provided it is willing to sever ties with Iran and the groups Hizbollah in Lebanon and Hamas in the Palestinian territories.

Asked if Syria had shown a willingness to sever those relations, Williams said: “The impression I got from my visit to Damascus was that if there was progress in terms of establishing a peace track, then we would see some changes in Syrian behaviour on the three issues, Iran, Hizbollah and Hamas.”

Williams did not offer specifics about how those signals were conveyed and how seriously he took them.

Muhammad Muslih, a university professor who is an expert on Syrian affairs, said last month Damascus would resist any pressure to cut links with Iran and the groups Hizbollah and Hamas as a precondition of talks.

But he predicted that, if Israel made concessions in peace talks, Syria would be “more than willing” to change the nature of its relationship with Iran.

In a television interview this week, Olmert urged Assad to begin direct peace negotiations between the two countries, and advised him not to wait for American engagement.

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