Lebanese troops advanced towards fortified positions of Islamist gunmen at a Palestinian refugee camp on Wednesday in what political sources said was the start of a final assault to root out the gunmen.Moving in under cover of artillery and tank fire, soldiers killed at least four Fateh Islam members at Nahr Bared camp in north Lebanon, raising the overall death toll from two months of fighting to at least 246, security sources said.
â€œThis is the final phase of the military operation,â€ one Lebanese political source said, adding that he expected the army to capture the whole camp by the end of this week.
The source said there were about 100 people left inside the area controlled by Fateh Islam â€” 60 fighters and 40 civilians who include 24 wives of gunmen and 16 children.
Palestinian and UN officials had earlier put the number of civilians left in the hundreds. The Lebanese source said some 200 civilians had left the camp in recent days.
Witnesses said soldiers with tanks and artillery blasted the last pockets of gunmen who have refused repeated calls to surrender. The fighting, which began on May 20, is Lebanonâ€™s worst internal violence since the 1975-1990 civil war.
The conflict has further undermined stability in Lebanon, already crippled by a prolonged political crisis and shaken by bombings that have killed six UN peacekeepers and two anti-Syrian lawmakers in the past eight months.
â€œAt its heaviest shortly after dawn, some 20 shells a minute were hitting the camp,â€ said one witness who watched the fighting from a distance. â€œIt was deafening.â€
The gunmen hit back, firing a few Katyusha rockets into areas outside the camp. The security sources said two soldiers were wounded in the clashes.
The Lebanese armyâ€™s slow push into the destroyed camp has cost the lives of 120 soldiers.
More than 85 Fateh Islam fighters and 41 civilians have also been killed with 65 members of the group detained and charged with terrorism â€” charges that carry the death penalty.
The army has consistently demanded the unconditional surrender of the gunmen who had attacked its positions around Nahr Bared on May 20, killing around 16 soldiers.
Fateh Islam, which espouses Al Qaedaâ€™s ideology but says it has no direct links to Osama Ben Ladenâ€™s network, emerged last year after breaking away from a Syrian-backed Palestinian faction. It has Lebanese, Palestinians and other Arabs, including some Iraq war veterans, in its ranks.
The political sources said the military had rejected an offer from Fateh Islam to put its Lebanese members in charge of the group in return for safe passage of all non-Lebanese fighters outside Lebanon, the deployment of a Palestinian force in the camp and the retreat of the army from the camp.
The camp housed 40,000 refugees before the fighting began.
Most are now staying at other camps.
Lebanon is home to some 400,000 Palestinian refugees, half of whom live in 12 camps.
The United Arab Emirates donated $5 million to be distributed to the families who fled Nahr Bared, officials said. Saudi Arabia had made a similar donation of $10 million weeks ago.