MOSCOW (AP) â€” President Vladimir Putinâ€™s state of the nation address on Wednesday focused on domestic problems such as how to reverse a population decline, but he also took swipes at the United States in his first reaction to US Vice President Dick Cheneyâ€™s lambasting.
In one of the few emotional moments in his seventh state of the nation address, Putin used a fairy-tale motif on the need to build a fortress-like house to withstand the advances of a voracious wolf to illustrate Russiaâ€™s own need to bolster its defences. He also suggested that Washington puts its political interests above the democratic ideals it claims to cherish.
â€œWhere is all this pathos about protecting human rights and democracy when it comes to the need to pursue their own interests? Here, it seems, everything is allowed, there are no restrictions whatsoever,â€ Putin said, smiling sarcastically.
â€œWe are aware what is going on in the world,â€ he said.
â€œComrade wolf knows whom to eat, he eats without listening, and heâ€™s clearly not going to listen to anyone.â€ The wolf reference was a response to the â€œUnited States, its actions in Iraq and plans towards Iran, its games on the territory of the CIS [former Soviet territory] and its criticism of Russia,â€ analyst Alexei Makarkin told Ekho Moskvy radio. Putinâ€™s speech came close to a week after Cheney accused Moscow of rolling back democracy and strong-arming its ex-Soviet neighbours.
In another apparent barb aimed at the United States, he said countries should not use Russiaâ€™s World Trade Organisation membership negotiations to make unrelated demands.
â€œThe negotiations for letting Russia into the WTO should not become a bargaining chip for questions that have nothing in common with the activities of this organisation,â€ Putin said.
In April, US senators visiting Moscow said Russiaâ€™s democracy record and its stance in the Iranian nuclear crisis would influence Congress as it considers Moscowâ€™s bid to join the global trade body.
Nationalist legislator Alexei Mitrofanov told reporters in the Kremlin that Putinâ€™s Russia was in no way looking for a confrontation with the West, â€œbut we want to be a politically and economically independent state.â€ Putin pointed out that Russiaâ€™s military budget is 25 times lower than that of the United States. Like the US, he said: â€œWe also must make our house strong and reliable.â€ â€œWe must always be ready to counter any attempts to pressure Russia in order to strengthen positions at our expense,â€ Putin said. â€œThe stronger our military is, the less temptation there will be to exert such pressure on us.â€ Putin said the government would work to strengthen the nationâ€™s nuclear deterrent as well as conventional military forces without repeating the mistakes of the cold war era, when a costly arms race against the US drained Soviet resources.
He said Russia would soon commission two nuclear submarines equipped with the new Bulava intercontinental ballistic missiles â€” the nationâ€™s first since Soviet times â€” while the land-based strategic missile forces would get their first unit of mobile Topol-M missiles.
The new missiles and warheads, which can foil defenses by changing direction in flight, would allow Russia to preserve a strategic balance without denting the nationâ€™s economic development goals, he said, adding that Russia needs a military that is capable of answering all modern challenges. Two-thirds of the army will be professionals instead of conscripts by 2008, he pledged, allowing the state to reduce the length of obligatory service from two years to one, and close to 600 rapid-response units will be formed by 2011.
â€œWe need a military that is able simultaneously to carry on battle in global, regional and, if need be, several local conflicts,â€ he said.
The military should be able to guarantee Russiaâ€™s territorial integrity, he said â€”Â a reference to the threat of Islamic extremists in southern regions surrounding Chechnya. He said the threat of terrorism remained significant, and that â€œextremists of all stripesâ€ feed off of local and religious conflicts.
â€œI know that someone very much wants Russia to get bogged down in these problems and, as a result, to be unable to solve a single one of its problems of full-scale development,â€ he said darkly without identifying the foe.
Putin called the demographic slide that has shrunk Russiaâ€™s population by millions since the 1991 Soviet collapse â€œthe most acute problem of contemporary Russia,â€ and encouraged legislators to budget for more generous birth bonuses, childcare support subsidies and educational benefits for mothers to encourage women to have children.
â€œI am convinced that with such an approach, you will earn words of gratitude from millions of mothers, young families, all the citizens of our country,â€ Putin said.
He also called on more Russians to take in foster children from institutions where about 200,000 orphans and abandoned children are interned.
Russiaâ€™s population dropped by about four per cent to 142.7 million between 1993 and 2006, according to the health ministry. Experts attribute the plunge to post-Soviet economic turmoil that has badly hurt the state health- care system, leading to a drop in birthrates and life expectancy. Increased poverty, alcoholism, soaring crime and emigration have also taken their toll, leading to an average life expectancy of just 66 years â€” 16 years lower than Japan and 14 years lower than the European Union average.