BEIRUT â€” The Mediterranean is threatened by its worst ever environmental disaster after Israel’s bombing of a power plant in Lebanon sent thousands of tonnes of fuel gushing into the sea, the environment minister charged on Saturday.
“Up until now 10,000-15,000 tonnes of heavy fuel oil have spilled out into the sea,” after Israel’s bombing of the power station in Jiyeh two weeks ago, Lebanese Environment Minister Yacub Sarraf told AFP.
“It’s without doubt the biggest environmental catastrophe that the Mediterranean has known and it risks having terrible consequences not only for our country but for all the countries of the eastern Mediterranean.” Israeli forces bombed the tanks at the power station onÂ Â Â Â Â Â July 14 and 15, just days into their offensive on Lebanon which has seen blistering air strikes across the country and a bloody ground incursion in the south.
The leak from one of the tanks, which are located just 25 metres from the sea, has now stopped but another containing 25,000 tonnes of fuel oil is still on fire and is in danger of exploding. Between 8,000-10,000 tonnes of fuel are on the shore and 5,000 tonnes on the open water.
“Until now, the worst ecological disasters have taken place in the oceans and it’s the first time that an oil spill has happened outside the open sea,” said Sarraf. “We can have no illusions.” Sarraf said that the cost of cleaning up Lebanon’s once golden beaches â€” which until the bombardment were major attractions for locals and tourists â€” will cost between $45-50 million and would not be finished until next summer.
The spill is now affecting 70 kilometres of Lebanon’s 220-kilometre-long coast, a third of its coastline.
Beaches and rocks are covered in a black sludge which has reached the famous tourist town of Byblos, north of Beirut.
“If nothing is done, not only will currents flowing towards the north mean that one-third of Lebanon’s coastline be hit, but also Cyprus, Syria, Turkey, Greece and even Israel,” Sarraf said.
“The fauna and the Mediterranean ecosystem risk suffering badly and certain species are threatened with extinction,” he warned.
Sarraf said that owing to the Israeli blockade of Lebanon’s waters, it was impossible to send ships to clear up the pollution.
“I have appealed to Britain, Italy, Spain, the United States, all the countries which have already suffered oil slicks to ask for technical assistance as we cannot act on our own,” he said. Kuwait has sent 40 tonnes of material that would allow the petrol to thicken and also special carpets which absorb petroleum products.
A resident of Byblos, known worldwide for its seafood restaurants and historic harbour, said “for the last four days, fish, crustaceans and crabs have been coming in black, and they are dying as victims of this oil slick.” Fuad Hamdan, director of Friends of the Earth, Europe, and founder of Greenpeace Lebanon, agreed that “it is certainly the worst environmental disaster ever on the eastern Mediterranean coast.” Hamdan said the eastern Mediterranean coast from the Israeli port of Haifa until Syria’s Lattakiya was already heavily polluted from Israeli industry, Lebanese sewage and industry from east Beirut and from Syria.
He advised people against eating fish from coastal areas.
“Anyway it will smell bad and put people off.” Besides the oil slick, the fire from the oil tanks has caused atmospheric pollution which has already reached Beirut. “Now the toxic cloud is stretching over a 30-kilometre distance,” said Sarraf.