US president sets conditions for Iran, Syria talks, says Blair to visit Middle East
WASHINGTON (AP) â€” President George W. Bush said Thursday that a bipartisan panel’s call for a major course change in Iraq was an important document, but just one of several reports he will consider as he charts a new strategy.
Standing alongside chief Iraq war ally Tony Blair of Britain, the president acknowledged that, “It’s bad in Iraq.” Both Bush and Blair agreed that success in Iraq may depend on victory over extremists across the broader Middle East.
The two leaders met a day after the Iraq Study Group headed by former secretary of state James Baker and former Democratic Rep. Lee Hamilton issued a report saying their war policies had failed and a major course correction was needed, including beginning to withdraw combat troops.
Blair, who has stood shoulder to shoulder with Bush since the March 2003 invasion of Iraq, said he welcomed the conclusions of the Iraq Study Group despite its criticism of past policies that both he and Bush advanced.
It “offers a strong way forward,” Blair said.
“The consequences of failure are severe,” he added.
Asked at a joint news conference when the president would start to carry out recommendations for a change, Bush noted that other studies were still under way by the Pentagon, the State Department and the White House National Security Council. He said he would make major policy decisions “after I get the reports”. He called the Baker-Hamilton report “certainly an important part of our deliberations and an important part of our discussions this morning.” At the same time, Bush said, “I don’t think Jim Baker and Lee Hamilton expect us to accept every recommendation.” Baker did say, earlier Thursday, he believes the study “is probably the only bipartisan report he’s going to get and it’s extremely important that we approach this issue in a bipartisan way”. The report, which contains 79 separate recommendations, says that Bush’s Iraq policy is not working, warns the situation in Iraq is “grave and deteriorating” and calls for most US combat troops to be withdrawn by early 2008.
Bush said he is planning to deliver a major speech to outline his decision for a new way forward.
“I think you’re probably going to have to pay attention to my speech coming up here when I get all the recommendations,” Bush said in a joint news conference with the British prime minister. “I do know that we have not succeeded as fast as we wanted to succeed. I do understand that progress is not as rapid as I had hoped. And therefore it makes sense to analyse the situation and to devise a set of tactics and strategies to achieve the objective that I have stated,” the president said.
“It’s a tough time and its a difficult moment for America and Great Britain and the task before us is daunting,” Bush said, even as members of the bipartisan commission were testifying on their report in Congress.
Bush asserted that success in Iraq depends on victory over extremists across the “broader Middle East,” apparently subscribing to one of the conclusions of the Baker-Hamilton report.
Bush appeared to endorse the panel’s conclusion that any resolution of the Iraq conflict is tied to reducing tensions between Israel and the Palestinians and across the broader Middle East â€” a position Blair has long held.
But in Tel Aviv, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert said he disagreed with the advisory group’s linkage. He told a news conference that conditions were not ripe to reopen long-dormant talks with Syria.
“I appreciate your clear view that we are confronted with a struggle between moderation and extremism and this is particularly evident in the broader Middle East,” Bush told Blair.
Both Bush and Blair said that supporting the government of Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri Maliki was central to efforts to help Iraq defend, govern and sustain itself.
“The American people expect us to come up with a new strategy,” Bush said.
“I believe we need a new approach and that’s why I’ve tasked the Pentagon to analyse the way forward,” he said.
The response made it clear that Bush did not intend to be influenced only by the bipartisan panel’s report, which contained 79 specific recommendations, but by the other studies as well.
One of the study group’s central recommendations was for the administration to reach out to Syria and Iran for help in stabilising Iraq, a course Bush has rejected in the past.
“Countries that participate in talks must not fund terrorism, must help the young democracy survive, must help with the economics of the country,” Bush said. “If people are not committed, if Syria and Iran is not committed to that concept, then they shouldn’t bother to show up.” For his part, Blair suggested that Iran’s support for Shiite armed groups in southern Iraq presented a problem.
“Iran has been…basically arming, supporting, financing terrorism,” the visiting British leader said.
Blair said the terrorists’ threat in Iraq is part of an old pattern that is region-wide. Terrorism “has basically come out of the Middle East” and must be addressed in a way that includes a solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, he said.