Taliban shifts tactics in Afghanistan,Suicide bombings becoming random

KABUL, Afghanistan – Two deadly bombings in Afghanistan yesterday underscored the difficulties in combating the tactics of the Taliban insurgency, a campaign now increasingly using suicide bombers moving through cities in search of vulnerable targets.
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Yesterday’s bombings claimed seven victims, including the deputy governor of turbulent Helmand province, who was blown up while praying in a mosque.

The attacks underscored the declining sense of security in many parts of the country, where American and other NATO troops are trying to suppress a revived insurgency. Although NATO argues it has rolled back the Taliban’s territorial gains in Afghanistan’s violent south and eastern regions, the insurgents increasingly have turned to terror attacks with the aim of weakening support for the US-backed government of President Hamid Karzai.

The first attack yesterday was an early morning car bombing that apparently targeted a passing Afghanistan National Army bus on a road in Kabul, the capital. The blast killed a civilian and injured four others, according to the interior ministry.

Kabul immediately was gripped by rumors that other would-be bombers were roaming the streets in search of targets.

Another strike came hours later, although not in the capital. A suicide bomber detonated explosives inside a mosque during afternoon prayers in Helmand’s provincial capital, Lashkar Gah, killing Pir Mohammed, the province’s deputy governor. Six others were killed, including the bomber, local police said.

Helmand is the heart of Afghanistan’s lucrative heroin trade, and the provincial government had begun a new eradication program just two days ago. But Western officials in Helmand said it was unlikely the deputy governor’s murder was narcotics-related, noting that suicide bombings are a hallmark of religious extremists, not warlords and criminal gangs enmeshed in the drug trade.

Mohammad’s killing was seen as a blow to efforts by British troops to restore confidence in security among the population in Helmand. The deputy governor had been working closely with the British to establish government institutions that would allow foreign troops to adopt a lower profile, a key component of NATO’s evolving counterinsurgency strategy.

The British have been making territorial gains against the Taliban in recent months, evicting them from strongholds and asserting that improved security has led Afghan citizens to begin informing on would-be intended Taliban suicide bombers.

The developing problem, Western officials say, is the Taliban tactic of random suicide bombings, in which would-be attackers drive or walk through the city waiting until they spot security flaws and high-profile targets.

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